In the course of the disease many anal cancers can be found early. Signs and symptoms of early anal cancers can lead people to visit a doctor. Unfortunately, until reach an advance stage some anal cancers not cause symptoms.
People often not discuss about this type of cancer. They feel embarrassment. At the opening of the rectum – also known as anus can develop the anal cancer. This unusual form of cancer everyone ignores due to the location of the affect area.
Depend on the location or type of the cancer to discover anal cancer early. Early can be founds cancer that begin higher up in the anal canal. Anal melanomas than others tend to spread earlier and make harder odds to diagnose them early.
Anal cancer affects only the beginning of the rectum. You shouldn’t confuse it with colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer can affect the whole large intestine and the rectum.
Every year, more than 8,000 Americans are diagnosed with anal cancer. It is anticipate that 1,000 of them can die from it. Statistically, after the disease has spread to lymph nodes, one of every four people is diagnose with anal cancer. One of every ten people is diagnose after it has spread to other organs. This cancer grows rapidly in the last decade. Although the cases of anal cancer are not as frequent like the other types of cancer such as colon, rectal, or colorectal cancer.
The Symptoms of Anal Cancer
- In cancer progresses, it usually causes many different symptoms such as:
- Symptom can be a lump or mass at the anal opening
- Swollen lymph nodes in the anal or groin areas
- Rectal bleeding
- Pain in the anal area
- Abnormal discharge from the anus
- Rectal itching
Predictably these types of symptoms are cause by benign (non-cancer) conditions, like hemorrhoids, anal fissures, or anal warts. If you have one of this it’s important to check them by a doctor. The cause can be found and treat, if needed.
Exist many factors that can increase the risk of develop anal cancer. The cause of anal cancer may be frequent irritation of the anus, smoking, and a weakened immune system. People older than 60 years are on higher risk of developing anal cancer. 80 percent of the cases are detected in people who belong to this category. Compare men and women belong to the same age category, man under 35 are at higher risk to develop this uncommon disease. After the age of 50, women are at higher risk of developing this cancer.
How to Detect Anal Cancer Early?
Here are some of procedures that can detect the presence of anal cancer:
Digital Rectal Exam –To find what you have hemorrhoids or fissures the doctor first looks at the outside of the anus .Then, he puts on glove latex and into the rectum he put a lubricated finger to search for lumps or any other abnormalities.
Anoscopy – Anoscope is a small tubular instrument, doctor insert a few inches into the anus to determine whether you have anal fissures, anal polyps, hemorrhoids, infection, or tumors. The doctor only if he finds something abnormal during the digital rectal exam can perform this procedure.
Methods to detect the presence of anal cancer are: biopsies, ultrasounds, x-rays, CT scans, MRIs and PET scans. However, all of these procedures have debating for result of many studies which suggest that they either spread or cause cancer.