The blisters appear when the upper layer of skin (the epidermis) separate from the lower layers. Blisters are caused by some skin diseases or other medical conditions, but usually they are appearing due to friction or heat.
Between the layers of the skin is the space filled with a liquid called “serum“. This liquid gives it the appearance of a water balloon. Healing of the blister is better when they don’t burst or open the wound because the layer of intact skin helps keep bacteria out of the wound and prevent infections.
Sadly often is happens to burst some blisters inevitably. Very difficult is to clean a ruptured blister and or prevent the painful. It needs some extra care to protect from infection. Happily, there are some simple steps to take care of a burst blister. Step by step take control to ensure its correct healing.
Treat a ruptured blister:
– First it is important to wash your hands thoroughly with mild soap and warm water. You must wash hands before touching the blistered area. Wash your hands for 15 to 20 seconds.
– This is important because can help to stop the spread of germs. They could cause an infection in the area of the blister if your hands are not clear.
– Wash the area well using mild soap and water but remember not to rub the blister.
– You shouldn’t apply alcohol, iodine or hydrogen peroxide as they can irritate exposed skin.
– Let the ampoule to dry uncover in the air if it is possible or gently dry with a towel. Do not rub the blistered area with the towel, but you could break the skin.
– On the surface of the blister is form hanging skin. You should not touch the hanging skin. Formed skin falls over time but may help protect the new skin underneath while self-healing.
– If you can, leave it whole, and put it on top of the new skin.
– Sometimes the blister can bursts and have dirt under the hanging skin. You could trim it to prevent infection and keep it from rupturing and damaging healthy skin.
– In this case, what you can do? Wash the area well then find nail or first aid scissors. Disinfect a pair of small scissors with isopropyl alcohol. Also you can disinfect them on other way. Put them in boiling water for 20 minutes or you can put them on an open fire until the metal is red hot. Leave them to cool.
– You need to carefully cut dead skin and not cut yourself too close to the healthy skin. It is better to leave some skin than to risk further damage to the skin.
– Use an antibacterial cream or ointment applying to the area. This will help prevent an infection, which is the greatest risk of ruptured blisters.
– Apply a clean bandage on the blister. For smaller blisters, a common bandage is suffices but for large blisters, you may need to put non-stick gauze with first aid tape.
– Be sure you only use non-adherent bandages and gauze over an open blister. Common gauze sticks to open skin!
– Special bandage is use for an open or especially painful blister. If the skin on the blister has gone out or if you have blister on your foot or another sensitive area is needed to use a special blister band.
– For delicate skin there are numerous bandage marks with special blister pads.
– Another option is to put moles on the blisters. The molesquín is a soft and textured material of plush that usually has an adhesive surface. Cut 2 pieces of moleskin a little larger than the ampoule.
– Into one of the cutting pieces cut a circle about the size of the blister. Put this piece on the blister so that the “window” is directly over the blister. Put the second piece on top of the first one.
– Liquid bandage is more appropriate for cuts or lacerations, but over blisters can cause more irritation or infections. So avoid them.
For more questions ask your pharmacist or call your doctor for specific recommendations.